St. Paul the Apostle Orthodox Church

Sunday Bulletin

Sunday, February 18, 2018

Sunday of Forgiveness/Cheesefare Tone 3.

 Sunday of the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise. 

St. Leo the Great, Pope of Rome (461)

Today’s Schedule

Prosfora: D. Federinko

Altar Server: V. Weis

Greeter(s): D. Helferich, G. Friesel

Epistle: L. Short

Donut Sponsor(s): D Federinko

Chapel Vacuum: S. Osman

Candle care: Need volunteer

Counters: J. Wiese, L. Wagner

9:00am Hours: L. Short

9:30am Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom

11:15am  Mutual Exchange of Forgiveness

11:30am Fellowship Hour: Team 3

11:45am Youth Group/Church School

4pm  Confession

5pm Forgiveness Vespers

5:30pm Confession

Hymns & Readings


Resurrection Troparion, Tone 4 

When the women Disciples of the Lord learned from the Angel the joyous message of the Resurrection, they cast away the ancestral curse and elatedly told the Apostles: “Death is overthrown! Christ God is risen, granting the world great mercy!”


Hymn of St. Paul

Hymn of St. Paul: Facing danger at sea and fearful persecution, you became a chosen vessel of the savior, with your sermons you enlightened the nations, and to the Athenians you revealed the unknown God, teacher of the nations St. Paul the apostle, protector of us all. Keep us who honor you safe from every trial and danger!


Resurrection Kontakion, Tone 4

My Savior and Redeemer as God rose from the tomb and delivered the earth-born from their chains. He has shattered the gates of hell, and as Master, He has risen on the third day!


Lenten Kontakion, Tone 6

O Master, Teacher of wisdom, Bestower of virtue, Who teach the thoughtless and protect the poor, strengthen and enlighten my heart! O Word of the Father, let me not restrain my mouth from crying to You: “Have mercy on me, a transgressor, O merciful Lord!”


Prokimenon, Tone 8

Pray and make your vows before the Lord, Our God!


Epistle: Romans 13:11-14:4

And do this, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now our salvation is nearer than when we first believed. The night is far spent, the day is at hand. Therefore let us cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light. Let us walk properly, as in the day, not in revelry and drunkenness, not in lewdness and lust, not in strife and envy. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts. Receive one who is weak in the faith, but not to disputes over doubtful things. For one believes he may eat all things, but he who is weak eats only vegetables. Let not him who eats despise him who does not eat, and let not him who does not eat judge him who eats; for God has received him. Who are you to judge another’s servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.


Gospel: Matthew 6:14-21

For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. Moreover, when you fast, do not be like the hypocrites, with a sad countenance. For they disfigure their faces that they may appear to men to be fasting. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, so that you do not appear to men to be fasting, but to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal; but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.


For Further Reading

Obedience is Better than Asceticism

She also said, ‘As long as we are in the monastery, obedience is preferable to asceticism. The one teaches pride, the other humility.’ (Syncletica, The Sayings of the Desert Fathers, p. 234)


The New Law is Christ

The new law, then, is spiritual because the Spirit works everything. The former law is written because it goes no further than letters and sounds. Therefore that law is “a shadow” (Heb. 10:1) and an image, the present one is reality and truth. The words and letters are like an image in relation to reality. Before they were realized God foreshadowed them on many occasions by the tongue of the prophets. “I will make,” he says, “a new covenant, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers” (Jer. 31:31-32). What does this mean? “This,” He says, “is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel and the house of Judah: I will put my laws within their mind and in their hearts I will write them” (Jer. 31:33)--that is, not composing them by mere sound of words, but by the Lawgiver’s presence, without intermediary. For He says, “no longer shall each man teach his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest” (Jer. 31:34). Because he had obtained this law David also uttered this blessed saying, “I know that the Lord is great” (Ps. 135:5). He says, “I know,” having experienced it himself, not by having head it taught by others. Wherefore he leads others too to the same experience, saying, “O taste and see that the Lord is gracious” (Ps. 34:9). (Nicholas Cabasilas, The Life in Christ, p. 95)


Great Lent: We Now Begin the Spiritual Contest

Up to now you have been in a school for training and exercise; there falls were forgiven. But from today on, the arena stands open, the contest is as hand, the spectators have taken their seats. Not only are men watching the combats but the host of angels as well, as St. Paul cries out in his letter to the Corinthians: We have been made a spectacle to the world and to angels and to men. And whereas the angels are spectators, the Lord of angels presides over the contest as judge. This is not only an honor for us, but assures our safety. Is it not an honor and assurance for us when He who is judge of the contest is the one who laid down His life for us?

            In the Olympic combats the judge stands impartially aloof from the combatants, favoring neither the one nor the other, but awaiting the outcome. He stands in the middle because his judgement is impartial. But in our combat with the devil, Christ does not stand aloof but is wholly on our side. How true it is that Christ does not stand aloof but is entirely on our side you may see from this: He anointed us as we went into combat, but he fettered the devil; He anointed us with the oil of gladness, but He bound the devil with fetters that cannot be broken to keep him shackled hand and foot for the combat. But if I happen to slip, He stretches out His hand, lifts me up from my fall, and sets me on my feet again. For the Gospel says: You tread upon serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy. (St. John Chrysostom, “Baptismal Instructions,” Ancient Christian Writers, p. 58)


The “Punishment” of Adam & Eve

Just as He decreed death, under the appearance of a sentence, for Adam because of sin, and just as He showed that (the sin) existed by means of the punishment--even though this (punishment) was not His (real) aim: He showed it as though it was something which (Adam) would receive as repayment for his wrong, but He hid its true mystery, and under the guise of something to be feared, He concealed His eternal intention concerning death and what His wisdom was aiming at: even though this matter might be grievous, ignominious and hard at first, nevertheless in truth it would be the means of transporting us to that wonderful and glorious world. Without it, there would be no way of crossing over from this world and being there. [Why? Because sin that clings to us cannot enter heaven - death purges us of sin, we resurrect to a new life free of sin.]

            Again, when he expelled Adam and Eve from Paradise, He expelled them under the (outward aspect of anger: ‘Because you have transgressed the commandment, you have found yourselves outside (Paradise)--as though dwelling in Paradise had been taken away from them because they were unworthy. But inside all this stood (the divine) plan, fulfilling and guiding everything towards the Creator’s original intention from the beginning. It was not disobedience which introduced death to the house of Adam, nor did transgression remove them from Paradise, for it is clear that (God) did not create Adam and Eve to be in Paradise, (just) a small portion of the earth; rather, they were going to subjugate the entire earth. For this reason we do not even say that He removed them because of the commandment which had been transgressed; for it is not the case that, had they not transgressed the commandment, they would have been left in Paradise forever. (Isaac the Syrian, Isaac the Syrian ‘The Second Part,’ Chapters IV-XLI, p 164)


Death is not from but Results as a Rejection of God

Because our ancestors agreed with Satan against the Creator’s will and stripped off the garments of life and heavenly radiance, they became, sad to say, spiritually dead like Satan. Satan is not just a dead spirit, but brings death upon all who draw near to him. Both those who shared in his state of death had bodies through which the deadening counsel which they had put into practice finished its work. Once their spirits had died and become sources of death, they passed on their deadness to their bodies, which would have disintegrated immediately and returned to the earth, had they not been preserved by a higher providence and power to await the decision of Him who upholds all things by His word alone (cf. Heb. 1:3). He, as we have already mentioned, held back the sentence of physical death and postponed it. When He did pronounce it, in His profound wisdom and great love for mankind, He refrained from putting it into effect until a future time. He did not say to Adam, “As you have eaten from the tree from which I told you not to eat, go back whence you came.” Instead, having first spoken of many things relevant to the course of human life on earth, He pronounced, “For dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return” (Gen. 3:19). He did not utter these words as a commandment, but to foretell what was in all fairness to take place, which His permission and without Him preventing it. Notice that, like the death of the soul, physical death does not come from God but from transgression, as a result of the soul committing sin, and of the serpent deceitfully dragging man down with him into iniquity. Consequently, bodily ailments also found their way in as a result of sin. (Gregory Palamas, The Homilies, p. 248)


Recent Posts on Fr. Ted’s Blog:


Children’s Choir

Children's choir will sing TODAY and next week during the preparation before communion.


Mission Sunday

The Orthodox Church has declared today to be Mission Sunday - a day for us to pray for our missionaries throughout the world. We need to be aware of the mission work of the Church to spread the Gospel throughout the world. The Orthodox missionaries need our prayers and financial support to accomplish their work for Christ. Please do consider giving a donation to support Orthodox mission work.


Coin Boxes for Missions

Orthodox Christian Mission Center has again sent us coin boxes to collect money for mission work. Please consider taking a box home with you this Sunday and contributing to it throughout Great Lent. This is an especially good project for kids to practice almsgiving. Boxes should be returned to the office by Pascha.


Mutual Exchange of Forgiveness

Today is Forgiveness Sunday - the day before Great Lent begins. We enter into Lent by first forgiving those around us. This is a rite you can do and should do in your own home with your own families as your family enters into Lent. You can do this rite at home with others from the parish with whom you are particularly close. Even if we don’t know some of the other parishioners, it is a good thing to begin Lent with a clean heart both offering forgiveness to everyone and asking everyone for forgiveness. It is far more important to seek forgiveness and to forgive those you know than to engage in a mere ritual with strangers. Frequently asking each other for forgiveness is accompanied by exchanging the kiss of peace. There is no requirement for this - you can shake hands or even bow to each other without touching. If you are not comfortable with the kiss of peace, you can just bow your head before the other person.  No one should be forced to hug another and no one should feel they are being forcibly squeezed by another. At the end of Liturgy today, and again at the end of the 5pm Vespers, we will ask each other for forgiveness. Be totally respectful of the other’s comfort zone. In the Church we do need to figure out what constitutes appropriate touch. No “#MeToo” moments. If you are not comfortable with being in the greeting line, it is OK to leave. If you find touching others to be tempting in any way, then it is also best for you not to be in the line. We live in the world of the Fall, temptation and sin is real, and here we are struggling against sin and temptation, not providing opportunity for either.   


Youth Group Food Drive

The Youth Group is doing a food drive through the end of the month of February. Any food items brought in will be donated to a local food bank. There is a box in the coat closet to put the food items into.



The time for repentance is at hand! Great Lent begins this week. The times when Fr. Ted is at the church for Confession is listed in the weekly schedule. Coming the sacrament of Confession to receive Christ’s forgiveness is something we all are to do every year as part of our Christian discipline. We do Confession for our own salvation, for in our sins being forgiven, we are united to Christ and  we are given eternal life.  


Fellowship Hall Doors Kept Locked

A reminder to all that the fellowship hall doors (to the patio and from the kitchen) will be kept locked while we are in the Liturgy. The hex keys to unlock those doors will no longer be left in the fellowship hall. You can exit through those doors but not enter through them. The doors will be unlocked again during the fellowship hour.


Wednesday Bible Study

Throughout Great Lent we will be discussing on Wednesday mornings the Epistle and Gospel readings for the Saturdays and Sundays of Great Lent. Please join us to consider these essential Scripture lessons and to share what value these readings have had in your spiritual life. This Wednesday, February 21, we will discuss the readings for the first weekend of Great Lent: Hebrews 1:1-12 and Mark 2:23-3:5 and Hebrews 11:24-26, 32-12:2 and John 1:43-51. Please join your fellow Orthodox in discussing these Scriptures as part of your Lenten effort this year.


Memorial Liturgy

We will again do one Memorial Liturgy during Great Lent -  this year on Saturday, March 3 at 9:30am. You can bring to the Liturgy a written list of the names of your deceased family and friends, and we will pray by name for them during the Liturgy. Fr. Ted will also be available to hear confessions immediately following the Divine Liturgy on that Saturday morning from about 10:30-Noon.


Pysanky Egg Decorating Workshop

The Pysanky Easter Egg Workshop is scheduled for the second full weekend in March: Friday, March 9, 2018 (10 am to 4 pm and 5 pm to 9 pm) and Saturday, March 10, 2018 (10 am to 3 pm). Please check the bulletin board for reservation sign-up and additional information. Due to some problems that have occurred in the past, please do not announce the workshop on social media.


St. Paul Prayer Team

If you would like to submit prayer requests for the prayer team, forms can be found on the greeter’s table. Please place requests in the box on the greeter table or by email to If you would like to be a part of praying with the team - and pray daily for others in the parish, or if you have further questions please contact Mark Pearson. 


February Charity  

Our monthly charity is being split this month. Part will be given to a family of 4 children whose father and breadwinner suffered a crippling accident and is on a long road to recovery. The other will be given to help our sister parish of St. Stephen’s in Lima as they work toward getting a priest for the parish and prepare for the expenses of moving a priest to Lima.



Birthdays: Grant Ashworth, Maria Brausch, Lisa Wagner, Jim Cunningham, Jeff Wiese, Chris Engel


God grant you many years!

This Week’s Schedule

Monday, February 19

Beginning of the Great Fast. Apostles of the Seventy Archippus (Arkhipp) and Philemon, and Martyr Apphias (1st c.)

Readings: Isaiah 1:1-20, Genesis 1:1-13, Proverbs 1:1-20

8:30am Matins            9:00am Confession               9:30am Office Hours

5pm  Confession        6pm Canon of St. Andrew      6:30pm  Confession


Tuesday, February 20

 St. Leo, Bishop of Catania in Sicily (ca. 780)

Readings: Isaiah 1:19-2:4, Genesis 1:14-23, Proverbs 1:20-33


Wednesday, February 21

 Ven. Timothy of Symbola in Bithynia (9th c.)

Readings: Isaiah 2:3-11, Genesis 1:24-2:3, Proverbs 2:1-22

8:30am Matins            9:00am Confession               9:30am Office Hours

11am Adult Discussion:  The New Testament Readings of Great Lent

5pm  Confession        6pm Canon of St. Andrew      6:30pm  Confession


Thursday, February 22

70 Soldiers martyred at Apamea in Syria

Readings: Isaiah 2:11-21, Genesis 2:4-19, Proverbs 3:1-18

5:30pm Confession                6:30pm Catechism/Inquirer’s Class: Session 4


Friday, February 23

Hieromartyr Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna (167)

Readings: Isaiah 3:1-15, Genesis 2:20-3:20, Proverbs 3:19-34

8:30am Matins            9:00am Confession                           9:30am Office Hours

6pm Presanctified Liturgy followed by lenten potluck            7:15pm Confession


Saturday, February 24

First (4th c.) and Second (452) Finding of the Honorable Head of the Holy Glorious Prophet, Forerunner and Baptist of the Lord, John. First Saturday of Great Lent — Commemoration of St. Theodore the Recruit and the Miracle of the Boiled Wheat

Readings: Hebrews 1:1-12, Mark 2:23-3:5

4pm Confession         5pm Vespers              5:45pm Confession


Sunday, February 25

FIRST SUNDAY OF LENT — Tone 5. Sunday of Orthodoxy. St. Tarasius, Archbishop of Constantinople (806)

Readings: Hebrews 11:24-26, 32-12:2, John 1:43-51

Prosfora: S. Pacak

Altar Server: D. Abshear

Greeter(s): D. Federinko, B. Edwards

Epistle: S. Pacak

Donut Sponsor(s): need sponsor

Chapel Vacuum: V. Weis

Candle care: need volunteer

Counters: K. Henry, M. Brausch

9:00am Hours: S. Pacak

9:30am Divine Liturgy of St. Basil

11:30am Fellowship Hour: Team 4

11:45am Youth Group/Church School


Upcoming Dates to Remember

February 28   Presanctified Liturgy, 6pm

March 3          Memorial Liturgy, 9:30am

March 7          Presanctified liturgy

March 14        Presanctified liturgy

March 21        Presanctified liturgy

March 30        Presanctified liturgy

March 9-10     Pysanky Workshop