Bulletin for April 6, Great and Most Holy Pascha
Prosfora: A. Makris.
Altar Servers: D. Abshear & D. Beleney
Epistle: L. Short
11:30pm, Paschal Nocturnes
Midnight, Paschal Procession
12:30am, Paschal Matins
1:15am, Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
2:30am, Blessing of Paschal Baskets, Pascha Agape Fellowship Celebration & Potluck
3:30am: Clean up
12pm, Vespers of Pascha
Hymns & Readings for Pascha:
Processional Hymn: Thy Resurrection, O Christ our Savior, the angels in heaven sing. Enable us on earth to glorify Thee in purity of heart.
Paschal Hymn: Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down death by death, and upon those in the tombs bestowing life.
Paschal Greeting: Christ is risen! Indeed, He is risen!
Greek – Christos Anesti! Aleithos Anesti!
Slavonic – Khristos Voskrese! Voistinu Voskrese!
German - Christus ist auferstanden! Er ist wahrhaftig auferstanden!
Romanian - Hristos a înviat! Adevărat a înviat!
Arabic - Al-Masih-Qam! Hakkan Qam!
Japanese - Haristos fukatsu. Jitsuni fukatsu.
Turkish - Mesih dirildi! Hakikaten dirildi!
Swahili - Kristo Amefufukka! Kweli Amefufukka!
1st Antiphon Refrain: Through the prayers of the Theotokos, O Savior, save us!
2nd Antiphon Refrain: O Son of God who arose from the dead, save us who sing to Thee: Alleluia!
3rd Antiphon Refrain: Christ is risen from the dead, trampling down death by death, and upon those in the tombs bestowing life.
Pascha Kontakion: Thou didst descend into the tomb, O Immortal, Thou didst destroy the power of death. In victory didst Thou arise, O Christ God, proclaiming "Rejoice" to the Myrrhbearing women, granting peace to Thy apostles, and bestowing resurrection on the fallen.
Instead of "Holy God..." As many as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Alleluia!
Prokeimenon [Tone 8]: This is the day which the Lord has made! Let us rejoice and be glad in it.
Epistle: Acts 1:1-8
The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen, to whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God. And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, "which," He said, "you have heard from Me; "for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now." Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, "Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?" And He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.”But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."
Gospel: John 1:1-17
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God; all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came for testimony, to bear witness to the light, that all might believe through him. He was not the light, but came to bear witness to the light. The true light that enlightens every man was coming into the world. He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world knew him not. He came to his own home, and his own people received him not. But to all who received him, who believed in his name, he gave power to become children of God; who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father.(John bore witness to him, and cried, "This was he of whom I said, 'He who comes after me ranks before me, for he was before me.'") And from his fullness have we all received, grace upon grace. For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.
The Gospel Polyglot: Greek, Macedonian, Russian, Japanese, Swahili
Hymn to the Theotokos: The angel cried to the Lady full of Grace: Rejoice, O pure Virgin. Again I say, "Rejoice. Your Son is risen from His three days in the tomb. With Himself He has raised all the dead. Rejoice, all you people." Shine! Shine! O New Jerusalem! The glory of the Lord has shone on you. Exalt, now exalt! And be glad O Zion! Be radiant, O pure Theotokos, in the resurrection of your son.
For Further Reading:
Pascha: Celebrating the First Day of the Week
It is on this day that we put aside every work, when our soul beams with joy from relaxation; most important of all, we have enjoyed innumerable blessings this day. For on this day death was abolished, the curse was erased, sin disappeared, the doors of Hades, were broken into pieces, the devil was imprisoned, the long-lasting war ended, and reconciliation between God and men happened. And our race returned to its former, or better yet, to a much greater nobility, and the sun beheld that marvelous and paradoxical sight -- man being born immortal.
He wanted to remind us of all these events and other similar ones, and he brought the day before all, taking only this day as an advocate, and he says to everyone: “Just think about how many and extraordinarily great blessings you benefited from on this day, O Man; from how many evils you were delivered, who you were before and who you have become since these things. If on our birthdays we, and many house-slaves on these days on which they were freed, celebrate these events with great honor, and the former holds banquets while the free even give gifts, and they all very much honor those specific times, much more so must we honor the Day of the Lord, which one would not err in calling the birthday of all of human nature. For we were lost and then found, dead and alive again, enemies and then reconciled.” For this reason, it is fitting to honor it with spiritual honor -- neither to hold banquets, nor to pour out wine like water, nor to get drunk and dance, but rather to render great abundance to the poorer of the brethren. (St. John Chrysostom, The Fathers of the Church: On Repentance and Almsgiving, p. 138)
Bright Monday: Christ is Risen!
Christ is risen, chosen people! The earth cannot harm Him, nor can the tomb restrain Him. Let your souls arise, you who are filled with the grace of Christ! Let the image of God within you shine, cleansed of earth and saved from mortal decay! Rejoice and be glad, for your Messiah, the One and Only, has conquered death, that terror of all those born on earth!
The miraculous resurrection of Christ the Lord from the tomb was completely in accord with His miraculous appearance in the world. It corresponded to His extraordinary birth from the most pure Virgin, His almighty works on earth, His heavenly wisdom and mercy, His superhuman patience and dignity in suffering injustice and torture, and His divine forgiveness of His executioners from the cross. Everything is in accord. Everything resembles and corresponds to each other. Just as you can know the nature of a whole sea from one drop of sea water, you can know the entire character of Christ from one incident of His life. His entire character represents one continuous miracle, organically consisting of innumerable miracles. He is your all-powerful Messiah, O Christ-bearers, who blessed you from the cross, from the tomb, and out of the tomb. (Bishop Nikolai Velimirovich, The Faith of the Chosen People, pp.45-46)
Bright Tuesday: We Await the Resurrection of Our Bodies
Salvation is cosmic in its dimensions.
Our soteriology needs to be holistic.
It is the total human person that saved:
a human being is not a soul dwelling temporarily in a body
but an integral unity of body and soul,
and so the two are sanctified and divinized together.
As Christians we do not simply believe in the immortality of the soul,
but we await also the resurrection of the body. Nor is this all.
Through our bodies we relate to the material environment around us,
and so our sanctification implies the sanctification of that environment as well.
We are not saved from but with the world.
Looking to the age to come, therefore, we await not merely the resurrection of the body but also the transfiguration of the entire cosmos; there is to be a “new earth” as well as a “new heaven” (Rev. 21:1).
Our human salvation leads in this way to the redemption of the whole created order, which through us ‘will be set free from its bondage to corruption and will enter into the freedom of the glory of the children of God’ (Rom 8:21). (Bishop Kallistos Ware, How are we Saved?, pp 80-81)
Bright Wednesday: Christ Died That We Would Live:
But [the Lord] in his turn vanquished death through his great cry when he had gone up on the cross. Whereas death was binding one person on the cross, all those who had been bound in Sheol were being delivered because of the chains of one person...his hands, which delivered us from the bonds of death, were transfixed by nails, his hands which broke our chains and tied those which were binding us.
It was an amazing thing that the dead were killing the living one, [whereas] the slain one was raising the dead to life. The directed their fury more intensely towards heaven, whereas he humbled his greatness even further down into the depths…
[Death] stole him, took him away and put him in the tomb while he was asleep, but, on awaking and standing up, he stole his stealer. This is the cross which crucifies those who crucified [the Lord], and this is the captive who leads into captivity those who had led him into captivity. The cross, through your death, has become a fountain of life for our mortal life...death used his body to takest and devour the life hidden in mortal bodies What it had hastened to gulp down while famished it was forced to restore very quickly...he commanded the stones and they were split in two. [He commanded] death and it did not prevent the just from going forth at his voice. He trained the lower regions to his voice to prepare them for hearing it on the last day, when this voice will empty [the lower regions]. (Ephrem the Syrian, from Hilarion Alfeyev’s Christ the Conqueror of Hell, p. 71)
Bright Thursday: Resurrection to Glory
The author of 1 Enoch, for instance, speaks of a future resurrection of the spirits of the righteous. Others believed in a resurrection of the untransfigured body, and still others looked forward to the transformation of the body. They all moved beyond the Old Testament view of a shadowy existence in Sheol, which cannot be described as “life,” and expected much more after death than the teaching about Sheol would allow.
Physical death was not considered by all of them to be an important factor in their concept of resurrection. According to the Wisdom of Solomon, which was written probably by a Hellenistic Jew in the first century B.C., the souls of the righteous do not really die--they are in the hand of God, and only in the “eyes of the foolish they seemed to have died” (3:1-2). The death of the righteous is conceived as of their ascent to the presence of God, who “tested them and found them worthy of himself; like gold in the furnace he tired them, and like a sacrificial burnt offering he accepted them” (3:5-6). The unrighteous, the ungodly, go to their punishment.
There is a variety of views among the ancient rabbis with regard to the final destiny of human beings. Their teachings on this subject cannot be reduced to one unified, common teaching. Nevertheless, all their views differed significantly from what the apostles saw and experienced after the resurrection of Jesus. As Joachim Jeremias writes: “Nowhere in Jewish literature do we find a resurrection to glory as an event of history. Rather resurrection to glory--always and without exception means the dawn of God’s creation. Therefore the disciples must have experienced the appearances of the Risen Lord as an eschatological event, as a drawing of a turning point of the world.” (Veselin Kesich, The First Day of the New Creation, pp. 34-35)
Bright Friday: Even Death is a Freedom
Christ’s resurrection as a “wonder” would have pointed to a new religion; resurrection as a sign points to a new mode of existence. It is this mode that the ecclesial social event wishes to realize. Death is the most burdensome and unbearably irrational existential limitation of human nature. And in his historical existence Christ assumes this irrationality, he dies, in order to signify that even death may be experienced as freedom of relationship with the Father, that is, as life without limitation. He assumes human nature “unto death, even death on a cross” (Phil 2:8), one of the most horrific forms of execution. And he does it so that this most horrific death should become a savific sign. (Christos Yannaras, Against Religion: The Alienation of the Ecclesial Event, pp. 32-33)
Bright Saturday: Humans Were Created for Christ
It was for the new man that human nature was created at the beginning, and for him mind and desire were prepared. Our reason we have received in order that we may know Christ, our desire in order that we might hasten to Him. We have memory in order that we may carry Him in us, since He Himself is the Archetype for those who are created. It was not the old Adam who was the model for the new, but the new Adam for the old, even though it is said that the new Adam was generated according to the likeness of the old (Rom 8:3) because of the corruption which the old Adam initiated. The latter Adam inherited it in order that He might abolish the infirmity of our nature by means of the remedies which He brings and, as Paul says, so “that which is mortal might be swallowed up by life” (2 Cor. 5:4). (Nicholas Cabasilas, The Life in Christ, p, 190)
Recent Posts on Fr. Ted’s Blog:
Archpastoral Message of His Beatitude Metropolitan Tikhon
To the Venerable Hierarchs, Reverend Clergy, Monastics, Distinguished Stewards, and the entire family of the Orthodox Church in America:
CHRIST IS RISEN! INDEED HE IS RISEN!
I greet all of you on this bright day, the radiant and holy day of Pascha, the day upon which the light of Christ has risen upon all mortal human beings. The light that now surrounds us in our Churches, in our Monasteries, and in all of creation, is greater than can be accounted for by physical candles, chandeliers, or the sun and the moon.
The light that presently shines is the light of the Lord’s dramatic victory over hell, over corruption and over death itself. He had reminded His Disciples that whosoever lives and believes on me, shall never die and today, that promise is fulfilled in us, for Christ’s victory has become our victory – we have entered fully into it.
The Holy Apostle Paul reminds us of this when he says: Know ye not that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore, we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we should also walk in newness of life. For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall also be in the likeness of his resurrection (Romans 6:3-5).
As we share the joy of the Feast of Feasts in our communities, with our families, and even with strangers, let us all give thanks for the light in our hearts, for it is not a simple emotional response, but an experience of authentic life – life which pierces through the darkness of our earthly cares and passions.
And so, let us rejoice in the Lord with thanksgiving for His great victory, and let us cry out with the paschal hymn: Yesterday, O Christ, I was buried with Thee, and today I rise again with Thee, in Thy rising. Yesterday I was crucified with Thee, now glorify me, O Savior, in Thy Kingdom.
Christ is risen!
Archbishop of Washington
Metropolitan of All America and Canada
Paschal Message of His Grace, Bishop Paul
To all venerable clergy, monastics and laity of the Diocese of the Midwest,
During the time of the Great Fast, I hope for an “Aha!” moment where by the grace of God I might be allowed to catch a brief glimpse of what the Great Mystery of Pascha is all about. This year it came via these verses of Genesis read on the 6th Wednesday of Lent:
Then Joseph could not restrain himself before all those who stood by him, and he cried out, “Make everyone go out from me!” So no one stood with him while Joseph made himself known to his brothers. And he wept aloud, and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard it. Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am Joseph; does my father still live?” But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed in his presence. And Joseph said to his brothers, “Please come near to me.” So they came near. Then he said: “I am Joseph your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. But now, do not therefore be grieved or angry with yourselves because you sold me here; for God sent me before you to preserve life. For these two years the famine has been in the land, and there are still five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvesting. And God sent me before you to preserve a posterity for you in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.” Genesis 45:1-7
The whole story of Joseph is an indication of what is to come. Joseph is a type that points us to Christ. This encounter with Joseph and his brothers is a hint pointing us to the upper room where Christ institutes the New Covenant in the breaking of the bread; it points us to the upper room behind closed doors where the Crucified Risen Lord reveals Himself to the Disciples. Joseph in inviting his brothers to draw near to him is a hint of Christ inviting Thomas to draw near to Him to touch His side and marks on His hands; indicating God incarnate, Who was crucified, is risen from the dead. Finally Joseph’s words that God sent him to save their lives by a “great deliverance” is a hint at the “great deliverance” our Lord brought to us by His Death and Resurrection!
As a child I always enjoyed the connect-the-dots coloring books involving various animals, people, shapes and sizes. The outline describes a form to show what it should look like; but it is not the real thing. Just as the law of the Old Covenant outlines a form of what it means to be human being in communion with God, so the New Covenant fulfills the form of the Old Covenant in the person of God incarnate, our Lord Jesus Christ. His death on the Cross is the fulfillment of what it means to love the Lord God with all that we have and to love our neighbor as ourselves.
But Jesus even takes a step further when He invites his followers to “love one another as I have loved you. Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends” (John 15:12-13). In Christ, God’s love for us is no longer an abstraction, but a living saving reality! That is why we call Pascha the Feasts of feasts. It is so because our Lord’s voluntary, self emptying, and life-creating death on the Cross is the pathway to follow that leads us from death to life, and to gain back what we once lost.
This is beautifully expressed in words read from St. Paul on Holy Saturday:
Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? We were buried therefore with Him by baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life. For if we have been united with Him in a death like His, we shall certainly be united with Him in a resurrection like His. We know that our old self was crucified with Him so that the sinful body might be destroyed, and we might no longer be enslaved to sin. For he who has died is freed from sin. But if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him. Romans 6:3-8
May we all come to find ourselves once again in this life-changing, life-saving Pascha of our Lord.
Christ is Risen! Indeed He is Risen!
With love in Christ,
Bishop of Chicago and the Midwest
Paschal Message from Fr. Ted
Dear Fellow Orthodox of St. Paul Parish,
For it is the God who said, "Let light shine out of darkness,"
who has shone in our hearts to give the light
of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ.
(2 Corinthians 4:6)
A Christian parish has nothing to offer the world except Jesus Christ – the One in whom we live and move and have our being (Acts 17:28). We have nothing to offer each other except Christ, and the love with which He loves each of us (John 13:34). When as a community we take our eyes off Christ, and make anything else our message or our concern, we are lost in the darkness of the world. On Pascha, we see Christ risen from the dead, shining out of the darkness of Hades itself, calling each of us personally and all of us together to lay aside our worldly cares and way of seeing each other. Out of the darkness of the night, out of the darkness of our hearts, out of the darkness of our minds, the light of Christ shines. That can only happen when “I” no longer live but Christ lives in me (Galatians 2:20).
Our Lord Jesus Christ said to us, “you (plural, collectively) are the light of the world” (Matthew 5:14). We all together are to be that light which shines out of the darkness. We are to be a light to each other and the world. Don’t ever let the light in you and us be darkness (Luke 11:34-35). To let anything come between you and Christ or between you and the rest of us is to have darkness threaten us all with its chaotic return. We must be able to love those whom we can see if we ever hope to love God (1 John 4:20-21). An ember removed from the fire quickly burns out, dies and goes cold and dark. We however are to have that light with which the bush was burning and yet not consumed (Exodus 3:2). We will not lose our light, nor will we ever die if we remain united to Christ in His Body, the Church. Jesus said: "I am the resurrection and the life; he who believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and whoever lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?" (John 11:25-26)
May God bless each of you! Thank you for all your prayers and for all you do to strengthen the bonds of love in the parish.
Christ is risen! Indeed He is risen!
Pascha Celebration at Hills & Dales Metropark
The Brausch family is organizing a picnic for Pascha Sunday at 1:30 pm at the Paw Paw Shelter in the Hills and Dales MetroPark. All are welcome to join!
Will be singing a hymn on Thomas Sunday (April 15) and the Sunday of the Myrrhbearing women (April 22) during the preparation. Any kids who would like to sing, please gather in the back of the church after the Our Father. We will then be taking a break until Vacation Church school where we will be learning a hymn for the feast day of Sts. Peter & Paul.
Bright Tuesday Liturgy
We will continue our celebration of Pascha with the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom on Bright Tuesday (April 10) at 9:30am.
St. Paul Musical/Talent Show
Can you play an instrument, do a neat trick, a spot on celebrity impression, a handstand while balancing a stack of plates? Then please join us on May 27 following Coffee Hour when will have our 6th Annual Talent Show! A sign up sheet is on the bulletin board in the fellowship hall. This is a fun afternoon for all, even if you don't participate so we hope to see you there! See Mary Schwaninger with questions.
St. Paul Prayer Team
If you would like to submit prayer requests for the prayer team, forms can be found on the greeter’s table. Please place requests in the box on the greeter table or by email to firstname.lastname@example.org. If you would like to be a part of praying with the team - and pray daily for others in the parish, or if you have further questions please contact Mark Pearson.
I Was in Prison and you …
Some parishioners have been wondering about ways in which they can fulfill the Gospel of the Last Judgment’s requirements to feed the hungry or to visit those in prison (Matthew 25). Fr. Ted has ordered a food box to be sent to Daryl Cochran in prison. If you would like to donate toward this act of charity, please speak with Fr. Ted.
We will be giving our charity donations to a couple of Orthodox families who are in need of a little support to get them through a difficult patch in life. Please pray for all those working families who struggle to make ends meet.
Birthdays: Charlotte Allen, George Friesel, Pam Friesel, Brianna Lessin, Joanna McLarnan,
Namedays: Mark Pearson
God grant you many years!
This Week’s Schedule:
Bright Monday, April 9
Martyr Eupsychius of Cæsarea in Cappadocia (362)
Readings: Acts 1:12-17, 21-26, John 1:18-28
8:30am Matins 9am Office Hours
Bright Tuesday, April 10
Martyrs Terence, Pompeius, Africanus, Maximus, Zeno, Alexander, Theodore, Macarius, and 33 others, beheaded at Carthage (3rd c.)
Readings: Acts 2:14-21, Luke 24:12-35
9:30am Divine Liturgy of Pascha
Bright Wednesday, April 11
Hieromartyr Antipas, Bishop of Pergamum, disciple of St. John the Theologian (92)
Readings: Acts 2:22-36, John 1:35-51
NO Matins, Office Hours or Discussion
Bright Thursday, April 12
St. Basil the Confessor, Bishop of Parium (8th c.)
Readings: Acts 2:38-43, John 3:1-15
Bright Friday, April 13
Woman Martyr Thomaïs, of Alexandria (5th c.)
Readings: Acts 3:1-8, John 2:12-22
NO Matins or Office Hours
Bright Saturday, April 14
St. Martin the Confessor, Pope of Rome (655)
Readings: Acts 3:11-16, John 3:22-33
April 15 ANTIPASCHA. 2nd SUNDAY OF PASCHA
Tone 1. St. Thomas Sunday. Apostles of the Seventy: Aristarchus, Pudens and Trophimus (ca. 67).
Readings: Acts 5:12-20, John 20:19-31
Altar Servers: M. Caldwell, B. Garber
Greeter(s): D. Helferich, G. Friesel
Epistle: Need volutneer
Chapel Vacuum: S. Osman
Candle care: B. Garber
Counters: J. Wiese, L. Wagner
9:00am Hours: Need volunteer
9:30am Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom
11:30am Fellowship Hour: Team 2/Children’s Choir
11:45am Youth Group/Church School
Upcoming Events to Remember
April 17 Parish Council Meeting
April 24 Meet-up
May 17 Ascension
May 27 Pentecost
June 4 Apostles’ Fast begins
June 29 Feast of Sts. Peter & Paul